Gita Acharan |English

Krishna deciphered existence and said that it is the combination of ๐™ฅ๐™ง๐™–๐™ ๐™ง๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™ž (nature) and ๐—ฝ๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ต (spirit) both of which are beginningless. ๐™‚๐™ช๐™ฃ๐™–๐™จ (qualities) and ๐™ซ๐™ž๐™ ๐™–๐™ง (evolution or change) are born of ๐™ฅ๐™ง๐™–๐™ ๐™ง๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™ž  (13.20). While ๐™ฅ๐™ง๐™–๐™ ๐™ง๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™ž  is also responsible for cause and effect, purush experiences them as polarities of ๐™จ๐™ช๐™ ๐™ (pleasure) and ๐™™๐™ช๐™ ๐™ (pain) (13.21). Krishna further clarified that HE is beyond perishable ๐™ฅ๐™ง๐™–๐™ ๐™ง๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™ž and even higher than imperishable ๐—ฝ๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐˜‚๐˜€๐—ต , thus proclaimed as ๐™‹๐™ช๐™ง๐™ช๐™จ๐™๐™ค๐™ฉ๐™ฉ๐™–๐™ข๐™– (Supreme Being) (15.18). This recapitulation will help us understand the following verses.


Krishna says, "Those possessing a demonic nature do not know action from inaction. They neither possess purity nor proper conduct nor truthfulness (16.7). They say that the world is without absolute truth, without any foundation, without a Lord. It is nothing but born of mutual union (of male and female) caused by lustful desire"(16.8). Essentially, this is living a life at the level of ๐™ฅ๐™ง๐™–๐™ ๐™ง๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™ž  where cause and effect dominate; where logic defines everything that we experience.


The next question arises as to what the behaviour of someone who is at the level of perishable ๐™ฅ๐™ง๐™–๐™ ๐™ง๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™ž would be. In this context, Krishna says, "Holding on to such views, these misdirected souls, with small intellect and cruel actions, arise as enemies of the world threatening its destruction (16.9). Harboring insatiable desire, full of hypocrisy, pride and arrogance, possessing evil ideas through delusion, they work with impure resolve (16.10).


In a nutshell, demonic natured people live at the level of cause and effect of ๐™ฅ๐™ง๐™–๐™ ๐™ง๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™ž without realising the ๐™‹๐™ช๐™ง๐™ช๐™จ๐™๐™ค๐™ฉ๐™ฉ๐™–๐™ข๐™– behind this. While the metaphor of male-female union for creation is logical and many actions and thoughts we see around us fall in this logical category, a mother's pure joy of unconditional love is beyond logic. The journey is moving from bondage of logic to liberation of unconditional love.


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