Gita Acharan |English

Krishna says, "When a wise person perceives that there is no agent of action other than the three ๐™œ๐™ช๐™ฃ๐™–๐™จ (modes of nature), and realises 'that' which is higher than the ๐™œ๐™ช๐™ฃ๐™–๐™จ , he attains My being (14.19). By transcending the three ๐™œ๐™ช๐™ฃ๐™–๐™จ (๐™œ๐™ช๐™ฃ๐™–-๐™–๐™ฉ๐™š๐™š๐™ฉ๐™) , one (๐™™๐™š๐™๐™ž) is released from birth, death, old age and misery; and attains immortality" (14.20). Essentially, the three ๐™œ๐™ช๐™ฃ๐™–๐™จ are the agents of action or real ๐™ ๐™–๐™ง๐™ฉ๐™๐™– (doer).


One way to understand death is as the separation of the ๐™–๐™ฉ๐™ข๐™– from the physical body when the body can't sustain automaticity for numerous reasons. Subsequently, the immortal ๐™–๐™ฉ๐™ข๐™– goes to another body and the cycle continues. This leads to the belief that inexplicable bad phases of our life are a result of the bad ๐™ ๐™–๐™ง๐™ข๐™– , sins or curses of previous lives and good phases are noble deeds (๐™ฅ๐™ช๐™ฃ๐™ฎ๐™–๐™จ) of previous lives. Spiritual texts are also interpreted accordingly.


The second type of death is the separation of ๐™–๐™ฉ๐™ข๐™– from the physical body while the body is still capable and functional. This is called ๐™ข๐™ค๐™ ๐™จ๐™๐™– (ultimate freedom) or enlightenment. This is the state where ๐™œ๐™ช๐™ฃ๐™–๐™จ no longer have the ability to bind the ๐™–๐™ฉ๐™ข๐™– to the physical body. Krishna describes this state as transcending ๐™œ๐™ช๐™ฃ๐™–๐™จ and says such people attain HIS being. They are free from misery and are immortal.


These verses clarify that no ๐™œ๐™ช๐™ฃ๐™– is inferior or superior. They are modes of nature with different characteristics but all of them bind ๐™–๐™ฉ๐™ข๐™– with the body. The essence is to transcend all of the ๐™œ๐™ช๐™ฃ๐™–๐™จ as being ๐™œ๐™ช๐™ฃ๐™–-๐™–๐™ฉ๐™š๐™š๐™ฉ๐™ is being healthy, while being under the influence of any ๐™œ๐™ช๐™ฃ๐™– is like suffering from a disease. Another inference is that one can transcend from any ๐™œ๐™ช๐™ฃ๐™– to the state of ๐™œ๐™ช๐™ฃ๐™–-๐™–๐™ฉ๐™š๐™š๐™ฉ๐™. There is no hierarchy amongst the ๐™œ๐™ช๐™ฃ๐™–๐™จ hence there is no need for us to follow a sequence.

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